India is a geographical paradise with a multitude of rivers flowing across the country. While most of the rivers in the country are east flowing in nature, i.e. they join the Bay Of Bengal, there are a few rivers that defy the odds and are west flowing! These west flowing rivers ultimately end up in the Arabian Sea. Unlike eastern flowing rivers, the western flowing rivers don’t create deltas on the path they follow on their way to the ocean.This can be attributed to the fact that the Western flowing rivers pass through many gorges, V-shaped valleys and are swifter than Eastern flowing rivers.
Here is a list of West flowing rivers that one must know:
Considered as a geographical barrier between North and South India, Narmada river is the third largest river in India and the largest western flowing river among all. It originates from Narmada Kund at Amarkantak, situated in the Maikal Range, and is also known as the Lifeline of Madhya Pradesh. Narmada River covers about 1300 km after which it drains through the Gulf Of Cambay into the Arabian Sea!
Also known as Tapi River, Tapti River is one of the major rivers in central India. With a length of about 700 km, it is a major western flowing river, covering the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. It originates in Multai near Betul and drains through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea!
Mahi River originates in Minda Village, in Madhya Pradesh and flows through Rajasthan, Gujarat and then drains into the Arabian Sea while creating a wide estuary past Bay of Khambhat. A 580 km long river, Mahi river has little prospect in terms of irrigation because the riverbed lies lower than land level. Popularly described as Mahisagar, its shore is dotted with temples and places of worship visited by hundreds of devotees.
One of the major rivers in the western India, Sabarmati river originates in Dhebar Lake of Aravalli Hills, in Rajasthan. The river travels through the state of Gujarat for the entirety apart from few initial km. It travels a distance of 371 km before it enters the Arabian Sea through the Gulf Of Cambay. Sabarmati river is also known for the fact that Mahatma Gandhi established his Sabarmati Ashram on the bank of this river!
The Luni river is also called as the Salt River because of the high salt content in its water below Balotra, because of the high salt content in the soil. With a length of about 500 km, it is an important source of water and for irrigation in the western Rajasthan, which is mostly arid region. It originates near Ajmer and ends in the Rann Of Kutch, Gujarat.
These are the major western flowing rivers in our country which contribute to the formation of Estuaries instead of Delta because of low silt content found around the area!