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News 1:  Supreme Court impleads NHRC, NCW in Muslim personal law case


A five-judge Constitution Bench on Tuesday impleaded the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), the National Commission of Women (NCW) and the National Commission of Minorities as parties in a batch of petitions challenging the Muslim Personal Law practices such as polygamy and  nikah halala.

NHRC:-National Human Rights Commission

  • Statutory public under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
  • The NHRC consists of: The chairperson and five members (excluding the ex-officio members)
    • Chairperson, who has been a Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court
    • The sitting Judge of the Supreme Court or sitting Chief Justice of any High Court can be appointed only after the consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
  • The sitting Judge of the Supreme Court or sitting Chief Justice of any High Court can be appointed only after the consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
  • Chairperson and members of the NHRC are appointed by the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:
    • The Prime Minister (Chairperson)
    • The Home Minister
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
    • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)


  1. The selection committee dominated by the ruling party. Political interference in its working is a major drawback.
  2. Supreme Court called the NHRC a “toothless tiger”,as it does not have powers to penalise the offenders.
  3. Recommendations of NHRC are not binding on the concerned authorities.
  4. Lack of transparent recruitment mechanism.
  5. The investigation mechanism by the Commission is not clearly defined.
  6. Commission has a limited role with respect to the violation of human rights by the members of armed forces.

NCW:-National Commission for Women

  • Statutory body of the Government of India
  • The first head of the commission was Jayanti Patnaik

NCM:- National Commission for Minorities

  • Statutory body under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992
  • Six religious communities, viz; Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified in Gazette of India as minority communities by the Union Government all over India
  • The term “minority” is not defined in the Indian Constitution. However, the Constitution recognises religious and linguistic minorities

Nikah Halala:-

  • Nikah halala also known as tahleel marriage, is a practice in which a woman, after being divorced by triple talaq, marries another man, consummates the marriage, and gets divorced again in order to be able to remarry her former husband.

News 2: Telangana tops inflation charts at 8.32%



New 3:- Women Suicide in Numbers

New 4:- The Hindu Quiz of Relevance

New 5:- OPEC ( Old Song, New Lyrics)

  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. It is a permanent, intergovernmental organization. It was created at the Baghdad Conference in September 1960 by Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. Currently, it has 13 members. Its headquarters are in Vienna, Austria.
  • OPEC+ is a grouping of oil-producing nations. It is made up of OPEC members and 10 other members. Other members include South Sudan, Azerbaijan, Brunei, Kazakhstan, Bahrain, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Russia, and Sudan.

New 6:- NASA’s Artemis Programme

  • To land humans on the moon by 2024 and it also plans to land the first woman and first person of colour on the moon.

News 7:-Indian Navy’s ensign

  • PM will unveil the new naval ensign (flag) for the Indian Navy in Kochi on the sidelines of the commissioning of India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant at Cochin Shipyard Limited.



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