Dear Students,

Please note that mains test UTM04 is already live in student portal. The questions are as follows-


  1. Discuss the emergence of “Second generation rights” in India’s jurisprudence with a special reference to Olga Tellis case. Give some examples of “Second generation rights” and their importance in a democracy.
  2. Displacement and lack of rehabilitation is held responsible for the rise of left wing extremism and Naxalism in India. In light of this, critically analyse the pronouncements of Supreme Court of India with regards to Narmada Bachao Andolan – one of the most prominent case in this regard and suggest a way forward.
  3. Discuss the evolution and importance of “environmental legislations” in India. Critically analyse the environmental legislation architecture in India and suggest a way forward.
  4. “Good governance is a fundamental right of a citizen in a democracy”. Elucidate. The constitution of India provides for “good governance, do you agree? Give well reasoned arguments in favour of your contention.
  5. “Constitution of India is an organic and a living document”. Elaborate.
  6. Discuss the constitutional basis of “Uniform Civil Code”. Critically analyse the Supreme Court’s pronouncements with regards to Shah Bano case and how it created the need for “Uniform Civil Code”.
  7. “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be measured by the way in which its animals are treated”. In light of this statement discuss the various constitutional and legal basis for animal rights in India.
  8. “Universal Basic Income is a radical and compelling paradigm shift in thinking about both social justice and a productive economy”. Critically Analyse.
  9. What do you understand by “Right to Food”? Critically analyse the National Food Security Act, 2013 and suggest a way forward.
  10. Critically analyse India’s cyber law framework and its vulnerabilities. Also suggest a holistic plan to create a robust cyber legal architecture for India.
  11. Discuss the conception of “gender justice”. Also highlight the constitutional basis for gender justice in India.
  12. “Accountability and transparency, the two cardinal principles of good governance in a democratic setup, depend, for their observance, on how well the public audit function is discharged”. In light of this statement discuss the importance of Comptroller and Auditor general of India and the role they play in a democratic set up.
  13. Self Help Groups are said to have “Multiplier effects”, however in recent times they are contributing more towards non performing asset generation rather than empowering the generation. Discuss.
  14. What are the components of “Social Defence”? Discuss the few flagship schemes of Government of India in this regard and recent developments from legal perspective.
  15. Enumerate the problems of health sector of India and suggest a holistic plan to provide affordable, accessible and universal health coverage for all
  16. In spite of the efforts of the government, the Tribal areas across India continue to suffer from poor health services and they have ineffective coverage under national health and nutrition programmes. In light of this discuss the tribal health care issues and suggest a way forward.
  17. Critically analyse the issues related to abortion arising out of Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 and discuss the various court judgements in this regard.
  18. What do you understand by “democratic accountability” and “bureaucratic accountability” and how are they enforced in India? What are the advantages of having an independent, permanent and impartial civil service?
  19. Discuss the importance of “island nations” of South-East Asia to India’s interest. Also highlight the role of ASEAN and how it can augment India’s geopolitical standing.
  20. Discuss the importance of United Nations’ Incheon strategy. Show how convergence of India’s “Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan (Accessible India)” initiative and United Nation’s Incheon strategy can help realize each other’s goal.

You can join the Mains test here-  Click Here

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