Indore in Madhya Pradesh has been ranked India’s cleanest city in the Swachh Survekshan survey released by the government recently.
The urban development minister calls the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana as the movers and shakers of the cleanliness drive.
Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh (AP), Surat in Gujarat and Mysore in Karnataka followed.
The cities which ranked at the bottom include Gonda in Uttar Pradesh (UP), Bhusawal in Maharashtra, Bagaha in Bihar and Hardoi in Uttarakhand.
The survey was conducted in 434 cities and towns to monitor the progress of the Swachh Bharat Mission. The survey was conducted by the Quality Council of India, in association with the central government.
The cities surveyed were ranked on criteria which included solid waste management, open defecation-free status, citizen participation and independent observation. They were assessed on a total of 2000 marks. According to the government, these 434 cities and towns account for 60% of the country’s urban population.
Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh account for 31 of the cities ranked in the top 50. This list includes cities from 14 states. Out of the 62 cities surveyed in Uttar Pradesh, 41 are ranked among the bottom 100. According to the survey, the list of bottom 100 cities also includes 15 cities from Bihar, 13 from Rajasthan and seven from Punjab.
Last year, a similar survey was conducted by the government in 73 cities. Mysuru, which topped the survey last year, has been ranked fifth this year.
Mysuru continues to score over 87%. This shows that there is no decline in sanitation levels from last year but other cities have scored better.
Faridabad in Haryana has been ranked as the fastest moving city, securing an overall rank of 88, an improvement from 2016 where it was in the bottom one-third. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Lok Sabha constituency, Varanasi, has improved to rank 32 this year from 418 in 2014.
The Swachh Bharat Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 with the aim of making India clean and free of open defecation.
Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.
The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.
Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.
These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.
Anonymity: Darknet allows users to communicate and transact with each other anonymously. Users can maintain their privacy and avoid being tracked by law enforcement agencies or other entities.
Access to Information: The darknet provides access to information and resources that may be otherwise unavailable or censored on the regular internet. This can include political or sensitive information that is not allowed to be disseminated through other channels.
Freedom of Speech: The darknet can be a platform for free speech, as users are able to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or retribution.
Secure Communication: Darknet sites are encrypted, which means that communication between users is secure and cannot be intercepted by third parties.
Illegal Activities: Many darknet sites are associated with illegal activities, such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services. Such activities can attract criminals and expose users to serious legal risks.
Scams: The darknet is a hotbed for scams, with many fake vendors and websites that aim to steal users’ personal information and cryptocurrency. The lack of regulation and oversight on the darknet means that users must be cautious when conducting transactions.
Security Risks: The use of the darknet can expose users to malware and other security risks, as many sites are not properly secured or monitored. Users may also be vulnerable to hacking or phishing attacks.
Stigma: The association of the darknet with illegal activities has created a stigma that may deter some users from using it for legitimate purposes.
AI, or artificial intelligence, refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and understanding natural language.
Virtual assistants: Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant are examples of virtual assistants that use natural language processing to understand and respond to users’ queries.
Recommendation systems: Companies like Netflix and Amazon use AI to recommend movies and products to their users based on their browsing and purchase history.
Efficiency: AI systems can work continuously without getting tired or making errors, which can save time and resources.
Personalization: AI can help provide personalized recommendations and experiences for users.
Automation: AI can automate repetitive and tedious tasks, freeing up time for humans to focus on more complex tasks.
Job loss: AI has the potential to automate jobs previously performed by humans, leading to job loss and economic disruption.
Bias: AI systems can be biased due to the data they are trained on, leading to unfair or discriminatory outcomes.
Safety and privacy concerns: AI systems can pose safety risks if they malfunction or are used maliciously, and can also raise privacy concerns if they collect and use personal data without consent.