The theme of World Wildlife Day, March 3, 2017, is ‘Listen to the young voices.’ It aims to empower and engage the youth in conservation issues. The involvement of youth in wildlife conservation is high on the agenda of the United Nations. At present India has a network of 700 Protected Areas (103 National Parks, 528 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 65 Conservation Reserves and 4 Community Reserves).
There are 103 existing national parks in India covering an area of 40,500 square km, which is 1.23 per cent of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, April 2015). Below is a list of 10 of the largest national parks in the country, in descending order, and the endangered species that they house.
Snow leopard, CORBIS
Hemis National Park
Covers an area of 3350 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1981
Located in Leh District of Jammu and Kashmir
Endangered species include snow leopard, bahral, Asiatic ibex and mountain weasel.
Great Indian Bustard
Desert National Park
Covers an area of 3162 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1992
Located in Barmer and Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan
Endangered species include great Indian bustard, Bengal fox and blackbuck
Great Himalayan Barbet
Gangotri National Park
Covers and area of 2390 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1989
Located in Uttarkarshi district of Uttarakhand
Endangered species include snow leopard, Himalyan barbet, Asiatic ibex and musk deer
White winged wood duck
Namdapha National Park
Covers an area of 1807 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1983
Located in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh
Endangered species include the tiger, clouded leopard, snow leopard and white winged wood ducks.
Khangchendzonga National Park
Covers an area of 1784 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1977
Located in North Sikkim district of Sikkim
Endangered species include Himalayan tahr and black bear, snow leopard and red panda.
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park
Covers an area of 1440.71sqkm
Designated as a national park in 1981
Located in Surguja and Koria districts of Chattisgarh
Endangered species include tiger, sambar deer, spotted deer and civet.
Royal Bengal Tiger
Sundarban National Park
Covers an area of 1330.10 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1984
Located in North & South Paraganas of West Bengal
Endangered species include the tiger, estuarine crocodiles and river terrapin
Indravati National Park
Covers an area of 1258.37 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1982
Located in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh
Endangered species include wild buffalo, hill mynas, Indian bison and tigers
Papikonda National Park
Covers an area of 1012.86 sq km
Designated as a national park in 2008
Located in East and West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh
Endangered species include tiger, sloth bear, wild dog and leopards.
Kanha National Park
Covers an area of 940 sq km
Designated as a national park in 1955
Located in Mandla, Balaghat and Dindori districts of Madhya Pradesh
Endangered species include blackbuck, chital, dhole and Bengal fox
Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.
The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.
Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.
These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.
Anonymity: Darknet allows users to communicate and transact with each other anonymously. Users can maintain their privacy and avoid being tracked by law enforcement agencies or other entities.
Access to Information: The darknet provides access to information and resources that may be otherwise unavailable or censored on the regular internet. This can include political or sensitive information that is not allowed to be disseminated through other channels.
Freedom of Speech: The darknet can be a platform for free speech, as users are able to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or retribution.
Secure Communication: Darknet sites are encrypted, which means that communication between users is secure and cannot be intercepted by third parties.
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AI, or artificial intelligence, refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and understanding natural language.
Virtual assistants: Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant are examples of virtual assistants that use natural language processing to understand and respond to users’ queries.
Recommendation systems: Companies like Netflix and Amazon use AI to recommend movies and products to their users based on their browsing and purchase history.
Efficiency: AI systems can work continuously without getting tired or making errors, which can save time and resources.
Personalization: AI can help provide personalized recommendations and experiences for users.
Automation: AI can automate repetitive and tedious tasks, freeing up time for humans to focus on more complex tasks.
Job loss: AI has the potential to automate jobs previously performed by humans, leading to job loss and economic disruption.
Bias: AI systems can be biased due to the data they are trained on, leading to unfair or discriminatory outcomes.
Safety and privacy concerns: AI systems can pose safety risks if they malfunction or are used maliciously, and can also raise privacy concerns if they collect and use personal data without consent.