1)Maareech –Advanced Torpedo Defence System of Indian Navy :-

  • SMB (Seakeeping and Manoeuvring Basin) facility is one of its kind in the country, set up as a joint effort of   DRDO and Indian Navy. The facility puts India among the few nations in the world having the capability to undertake comprehensive hydrodynamic model testing of naval platforms and weapon systems. SMB would help to design and build state-of-the-art naval combatants such as submarines, ships, torpedoes, etc.
  • Maareech, a joint project of Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi and NSTL, Visakhapatnam is a state-of-the-art indigenous system for torpedo detection and countermeasures. This system offers a complete solution to detect and locate the incoming torpedo and to apply countermeasures to protect naval platform against torpedo attack. Two production grade Maareech systems have been developed and user evaluation trials completed onboard two Indian Navy ships.


2)Children’s day and Legacy of Nehru:-

Nehru was the foremost architect of India, his contribution is unparalleled from bringing India out of the clutch of Colonial masters to an Independent India as we see today. His policy of non-alignment has created the necessary space for our foreign policy makers. His intellect of not giving into any particular power bloc in his heydays , gave India its Independent foreign policy. As he wisely said , the modern temples of India are not the one people go to pray ,but the one where people go to work – He saw the Industry as the temple of modern India. His achievements are well-known and so his philosophy. He is best described by the foremost architect of Singapore –  Lee Kuan Yew , who observed that  ” Nehru is the demigod who chose not to be a dictator” . As the nation celebrates his birthday, we have complied the saying of the first Prime minister of this great country :-

  • On life:- “Life is like a game of cards. The hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free will.”
  • On Peace :- “Peace is not a relationship of nations. It is a condition of mind brought about by a serenity of soul. Peace is not merely the absence of war. It is also a state of mind. Lasting peace can come only to peaceful people”
  • On Capitalism :- “The forces in a capitalist society, if left unchecked, tend to make the rich richer and the poor poorer.”
  • On Culture :- “Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit
  • On Democracy :- “Democracy is good. I say this because other systems are worse”
  • Empowering People :- “The man who has gotten everything he wants is all in favor of peace and order.”
  • On Democracy and Adult franchise:-
    In 1951 Dec 20th, Nehru, while campaigning for the first democratic elections in India, took a short break to address a UNESCO symposium in Delhi. Although he believed democracy was the best form of governance, while speaking at the symposium he wondered loud…
    The quality of men who are selected by these modern democratic methods of adult franchise gradually deteriorates because of lack of thinking and the noise of propaganda….He[the voter] reacts to sound and to the din, he reacts to repetition and he produces either a dictator or a dumb politician who is insensitive. Such a politician can stand all the din in the world and still remain standing on his two feet and, therefore, he gets selected in the end because the others have collapsed because of the din

3)Rajiv Khel Abhiyan:-

It is a centrally sponsored scheme. It was launched in 2014 in place of erstwhile Panchayat Yuva Krida aur Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA).

Objective :-

  • To provide universal access to sports in rural areas and promote sports culture among both boys and girls.
  • To harness available and potential sporting talent among rural youth, through a well-designed competition structure from the block level.
  • To put in place an effective mechanism to identify and nurture sporting talent in rural areas.

News:- Karwar district in Karnataka is gearing up to host various games under the State-level Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan. State-level competitions in Kho Kho, Kabaddi, Judo and Table Tennis will be conducted under the scheme.

4)Terrorist Strike at Paris:-

A set of shootings and explosions hit Paris late on Friday, killing at least 129 people and injuring more than 350 in one of the city’s densest districts on a Friday night. The identity of the terrorists and their motives are still unknown; ISIS claimed responsibility, but the veracity of the group’s claim is unclear

ISIS claimed responsibility for the attacks, citing France’s “crusader campaign” in an apparent reference to the country’s role in air strikes against the group in Syria and Iraq. But the veracity of the claim remains unclear, although President Hollande  blamed ISIS, as well.

5) Transparency International :-

Note:- This institution and its ranking has been mentioned by Prime Minister of India in his Wembley Stadium address while in UK visit.

Transparency International (TI) is a non-governmental organization that monitors and publicizes corporate and political corruption in international development. Originally founded in Germany in May 1993 as a not-for-profit organization, Transparency International is now an international non-governmental organization.

It publishes an annual Global Corruption Barometer and Corruption Perceptions Index, a comparative listing of corruption worldwide

India’s Ranking :-

Corruption Perceptions Index (2014) Rank: 85 /175

Significance:- India is ranked less corrupt than China in 18 Years.India jumped 10 places to rank 85 out of 175 countries and China dropped 20 places to rank 100, according to Wall Street Journal.

Criticism :-  This being a NGO , it’s ranking was challenged from time to time and criticized for having vested interest.

Analysis:- Though the index is a good news for India, yet , the ranking by NGO instead of a governmental platform such World Bank  should be treated with due care and due diligence.And this principle of caution applies for any other NGO as they are not inter-governmental engagements.











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  • Darknet


    Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.

    The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.


    Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.

    These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.

    Pros :

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    • Illegal Activities: Many darknet sites are associated with illegal activities, such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services. Such activities can attract criminals and expose users to serious legal risks.
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