UPSC has been shifting its focus towards global organization and this trend is visible for couple of years now. For example, in last year geography optional UPSC has asked on WCRP prorgam(World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)) and in 2013/14 it asked on MAB prorgam (Man & Biosphere Program) and IGBP(International Geo-sphere and Bio-sphere Program). Not only in mains but the question on organization has been one of the key focus area in PRLEIMS as well. In prelims, it has asked on Bird-life International, UN-HABITAT and many more. Hence to cater to this need, we are launching a new initiative called-
” PROJECT LIMELIGHT“
This is what we intends to do with this initiative:-
In each article we will put the limelight on a particular organization of importance.
It will cover about the organization, the initiatives of the organization, its component and objective , its flagship reports etc.
This way it will not only cater to prelims but also will help in mains.
The article will be framed in such as way that you can take the benefit of it and implement the important points, datasets etc in your GS, Essay and Optional paper.
If what you read from these article and retain at least the main points and use it judiciously in your answers in exam, we can ascertain you that you will be able to score 7 and above in each GS question relevant to this and a better mark in your optional and Essay papers.
The article will not only have details and statistics about the organization and program, it will also throw light on most important issues as well. It will also have some good statements which you can directly use in the exam.
We sincerely hope that our effort will help you all in this exam.
Any suggestion or feedback is welcome in this regard.
Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.
The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.
Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.
These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.
Anonymity: Darknet allows users to communicate and transact with each other anonymously. Users can maintain their privacy and avoid being tracked by law enforcement agencies or other entities.
Access to Information: The darknet provides access to information and resources that may be otherwise unavailable or censored on the regular internet. This can include political or sensitive information that is not allowed to be disseminated through other channels.
Freedom of Speech: The darknet can be a platform for free speech, as users are able to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or retribution.
Secure Communication: Darknet sites are encrypted, which means that communication between users is secure and cannot be intercepted by third parties.
Illegal Activities: Many darknet sites are associated with illegal activities, such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services. Such activities can attract criminals and expose users to serious legal risks.
Scams: The darknet is a hotbed for scams, with many fake vendors and websites that aim to steal users’ personal information and cryptocurrency. The lack of regulation and oversight on the darknet means that users must be cautious when conducting transactions.
Security Risks: The use of the darknet can expose users to malware and other security risks, as many sites are not properly secured or monitored. Users may also be vulnerable to hacking or phishing attacks.
Stigma: The association of the darknet with illegal activities has created a stigma that may deter some users from using it for legitimate purposes.
AI, or artificial intelligence, refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and understanding natural language.
Virtual assistants: Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant are examples of virtual assistants that use natural language processing to understand and respond to users’ queries.
Recommendation systems: Companies like Netflix and Amazon use AI to recommend movies and products to their users based on their browsing and purchase history.
Efficiency: AI systems can work continuously without getting tired or making errors, which can save time and resources.
Personalization: AI can help provide personalized recommendations and experiences for users.
Automation: AI can automate repetitive and tedious tasks, freeing up time for humans to focus on more complex tasks.
Job loss: AI has the potential to automate jobs previously performed by humans, leading to job loss and economic disruption.
Bias: AI systems can be biased due to the data they are trained on, leading to unfair or discriminatory outcomes.
Safety and privacy concerns: AI systems can pose safety risks if they malfunction or are used maliciously, and can also raise privacy concerns if they collect and use personal data without consent.