Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.

Note: Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 200 Marks )


1.Discuss possible factors that inhibit India from  enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the directive principles of state policy(12.5M)

2. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years , Highlight drawbacks in existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.(12.5M)

3. In absence of well-educated and organized local level government system ,’Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political  institutions and not effective instruments of governance .Critically Discuss.(12.5M)

4. Khap Panchyats have been in the news for functioning as extra-constitutional authorities,often delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations .Discuss critically the actions taken by legislative,executive,and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard.(12.5M)

5. Resorting to ordinance has always raised concerns on violation of spirit of separation of powers doctrine.While, noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances,analyze whether the decisions of supreme court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power.Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed ? (12.5M)

6.What are the major changes in the Arbitration and Conciliation act ,1996 through the recent ordinance promulgated by president ? How far will it improve the India’s dispute resolution mechanism?

7. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali?Discuss , in the light of Article 21 of the Indian constitution and judgements of the Apex court in this regard.

8.  Examine critically the recent change in rules governing foreign funding of NGOS under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act ,1976.

9. The Self help group bank linkage programme , which is India’s own innovation , has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programme.Elucidate

10. How can the roles of NGOS be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of environment ?Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.

11. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve quality of higher and technical education in the country .Discuss ?

12. Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest ?

13. Though there have been several different estimates of Poverty in India , all indicate reduction of poverty level over time .Do you agree ?Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.

14. In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in change to corporate governance to ensure transparency and accountability.

15. If amendment bill to Whistler Blowers Act ,2011 tabled in parliament is passed , there may be no one left to protect.

16. For achieving desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous .Discuss in  light of the experience in past.
17. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons.Critically examine.
18. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN security council.

19. Project “Mausam” is considered unique foreign policy of Indian government to improve relationship with its neighbors.Does the project have a strategic dimension.Discuss.

20. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations.To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate good will between the two countries.Discuss with example.


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