As you know, we run extensive and exhaustive program for ESSAY every year, it is only natural that we provide the review of this year’s paper too.
Section – A
3)Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms.
Review– This is an interesting essay and probably also the most attempted one. UPSC has asked question on education before and it asked this year too.
We have wrote about it many times and informed our students too – that All the wars that we know are fought in Universities first and then in battlegrounds after. For example- Hitler fought the world wars based upon a theory by a professor of geography.
Freidrich Ratzel, was aneminent geographer from Germany who gave a concept of “Lebensraum” – which essentially means the “state is an organic entity” and as any organic entity it has to evolve and it has to grow or else it will succumb to stagnation and will perish eventually. This concept was furthered by another geographer named Herbert Spencer who gave the concept of “ Social Darwinism“, which had significant influence on Hitler who wanted to expand German territory.
Similarly the fight of Adam Smith’s capitalism and Marx’s communism also started in universities only and propounded by professors, which dominated the “cold war” era.
In sum, universities are the corner stone of everything we do. And classrooms are indeed the fertile ground for innovation too. And that is why , education shapes not only an individual’s life but a nation’s life too.
This is aptly reflected when we embedded the concept of Scientific Temper in our constitution too. Classrooms shape individual’s ethos and in turn the individual’s contribution determines the nation’s destiny. Be it Bhaba or Kalam, without them , India could not have a been a major nuclear power.
It is in the classrooms that the ideas are shaped and the miseries of mankind are solved through innovation. Thus the push for Atal Tinkering Labs in schools.
You can also include examples such as Taxila University, rise of Chandra Gupta and Chanakya who shaped India in ancient times. You can also discuss how the educational background of Jawaharlal Nehru guided India through its turbulent times of partition and reflected in our policies.
Thus they say, you are what you read, what you observe and what you learn from your classrooms. The most genius ideas came from schools and universities.
You can also write about Gandhiji’s view on education and his idea of Nayi-Talim and Rabindranath Tagore’s view on education.
The relevance of the essay is that – A nation will lack moral power if we don’t teach value based education to our children in their schools. Corruption by educated individual is due to the fact that there is no value based education and Gandhiji’s ultimate aim of education was to create a man of character thus you have to give emphasis on this aspect of the essay as well. (Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil)
Also, the classroom is not only about the the students it is also about the teachers too, thus you can cite some great teachers, for example – Socrates taught Pluto, who taught Aristotle, who taught Alexander and who ultimately shaped the Greek nation’s destiny in his times. Thus we not only need good and quality education but also great teachers in it. Then discuss the dismal status of education and especially lack of quality teachers in India. Without a great teacher, there is a very rarely a great student.(Link it with the recent test where only 17% candidates have passed the Bihar Teacher Eligibility Test (BTET)Link-Click Here.
Teaching has become the last resort for individuals due to lack of proper incentive and thus the great talents are usually don’t enter the profession of teaching and this is hampering India and its destiny. You can’t build a great nation without great teachers and great universities. In fact, if you look at the biggest MNCS around the world today (HP, GOOGLE, MICROSOFT, FACEBOOK or any other), they have their origins in the schools/universities. America is at the top end of innovation and this is due to its great teachers, universities and students, who made America what it is today. What would be America without the Havards, Standfords or MITs ?
As always this review is indicative only and not exhaustive.
Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.
The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.
Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.
These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.
Anonymity: Darknet allows users to communicate and transact with each other anonymously. Users can maintain their privacy and avoid being tracked by law enforcement agencies or other entities.
Access to Information: The darknet provides access to information and resources that may be otherwise unavailable or censored on the regular internet. This can include political or sensitive information that is not allowed to be disseminated through other channels.
Freedom of Speech: The darknet can be a platform for free speech, as users are able to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or retribution.
Secure Communication: Darknet sites are encrypted, which means that communication between users is secure and cannot be intercepted by third parties.
Illegal Activities: Many darknet sites are associated with illegal activities, such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services. Such activities can attract criminals and expose users to serious legal risks.
Scams: The darknet is a hotbed for scams, with many fake vendors and websites that aim to steal users’ personal information and cryptocurrency. The lack of regulation and oversight on the darknet means that users must be cautious when conducting transactions.
Security Risks: The use of the darknet can expose users to malware and other security risks, as many sites are not properly secured or monitored. Users may also be vulnerable to hacking or phishing attacks.
Stigma: The association of the darknet with illegal activities has created a stigma that may deter some users from using it for legitimate purposes.
AI, or artificial intelligence, refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and understanding natural language.
Virtual assistants: Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant are examples of virtual assistants that use natural language processing to understand and respond to users’ queries.
Recommendation systems: Companies like Netflix and Amazon use AI to recommend movies and products to their users based on their browsing and purchase history.
Efficiency: AI systems can work continuously without getting tired or making errors, which can save time and resources.
Personalization: AI can help provide personalized recommendations and experiences for users.
Automation: AI can automate repetitive and tedious tasks, freeing up time for humans to focus on more complex tasks.
Job loss: AI has the potential to automate jobs previously performed by humans, leading to job loss and economic disruption.
Bias: AI systems can be biased due to the data they are trained on, leading to unfair or discriminatory outcomes.
Safety and privacy concerns: AI systems can pose safety risks if they malfunction or are used maliciously, and can also raise privacy concerns if they collect and use personal data without consent.