UPSC/STATE PSC

Curated by Experts For Civil Service Aspirants

 

The Hindu & Indian Express


News 1: Central Bureau of Investigation

Background:  CBI says Sisodia’s claim is ‘misleading’
About CBI:
1) It was set up in 1963 by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Later, it was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel and now it enjoys the status of an attached office.

2) The establishment of the CBI was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–1964). The CBI is not a statutory body. It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
3) Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act (2013) amended the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (1946) and made the following changes with respect to the composition of the CBI:-
  • Central Government shall appoint the Director of CBI on the recommendation of a three-member committee consisting of the Prime Minister as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha and the Chief Justice of India or Judge of the Supreme Court nominated by him. (where there is no recognized leader of opposition in the Lok Sabha, then the leader of the single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha would be a member of that committee)

4) The CBI is a multidisciplinary investigation agency of the Government of India and undertakes investigation of corruption related cases, economic offences and cases of conventional crime. It normally confines its activities in the anti-corruption field to offences committed by the employees of the Central Government and Union Territories and their public sector undertakings.

5) It takes up investigation of conventional crimes like murder, kidnapping, rape etc., on reference from the state governments or when directed by the Supreme Court/High Courts

6) It does not require prior permission of govt to investigate senior officials.

News 2: Martand Sun Temple in Kashmir

Background:  ASI had objected to the ‘Navgrah Ashtamangalam Puja’ on the premises of Martand Temple as it is a heritage site.

About Martand Sun Temple :

1) Built by the Karkota dynasty king Lalitaditya Muktapida, who ruled Kashmir from 725 AD to 753 AD. Kalhana in Rajatarangini mentions that the Martand Sun Temple was commissioned by Lalitaditya Muktapida in the eighth century AD.

2) According to Jonaraja, the temple was destroyed by Sikandar Shah Miri who is also known as Sikandar Butshikhan ( Butshikan is a title meant for ‘temple Destroyer’)

3) It is located near the city of Anantnag in the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir.

4) It is the earliest known Sun temple in India.

Jonaraja:-He was a Kashmiri historian and Sanskrit poet. His Dvitīyā Rājataraṅginī is a continuation of Kalhana’s Rājataraṅginī and brings the chronicle of the kings of Kashmir down to the time of the author’s patron Zain-ul-Abidin (r. 1418-1419 and 1420-1470). Jonaraja, however, could not complete the history of the patron as he died in the 35th regnal year. His pupil, Śrīvara continued the history and his work, the Tritīyā Rājataraṅginī, covers the period 1459–86


News 3: India, Bangladesh ink first water sharing pact in 25 years

Background:  India and Bangladesh recently signed an interim water sharing agreement for the Kushiyara river, the first such pact since the signing of the Ganga water treaty in 1996.

Details :

1) India and Bangladesh share 54 rivers.

2) Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina sought for an early conclusion of the Teesta water sharing agreement, which has been hanging for more than a decade due to opposition from West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.

3) Both leaders unveiled Unit-I of the Maitree Super Thermal Power Project. Being constructed under India’s concessional financing scheme, the Project will add 1320 MW to Bangladesh’s National Grid.

4) In total both the countries have signed 7 MoUs

Teesta River : 

1) Initially it was part of Ganges system but after a flood, it has changed its course and joined the Brahmaputra river.

2) Tributaries

  • Left bank:- Rangpo River, Lachung River, Ranikhola, Relli River, Talung River, Dik Chhu, Lang Lang Chu
  • Right bank:- Rangeet River, Ringyong Chhu, Ranghap Chhu

Kushiyara River:

1) It is a distributary river in Bangladesh and Assam, India.

2) It forms on the India-Bangladesh border as a branch of the Barak River, when the Barak separates into the Kushiyara and Surma.

Barak River :-The Barak is the second largest river system in the North East India as well as in Assam. The Barak rises on the southern slope of the lofty Barail Range in Manipur and forms a part of the northern boundary of the Manipur State with Nagaland where it is known as Kirong. Near Karimganj, it bifurcates into the northern branh of Surma and the southern branch of Kushiyara


News 4: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Uzbekistan

Background: China’s President Xi Jinping is likely to travel to Kazakhstan on September 14 and subsequently attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Uzbekistan on September 15­ 16.

About SCO :

1) It is an intergovernmental organization which operates in Eurasian political, economic and military arena aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.

2) Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.

3) Following the accession of Uzbekistan to the organization in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed the SCO.

4) India and Pakistan became members in 2017.

5) Head Quarter:- Beijing

6) India, which would take over the SCO Presidency next year, would give the fullest support for the success of the Samarkand Summit in Uzbekistan in September 2022.


News 5: Purchasing Managers’ Index

1) The PMI is based on a monthly survey of supply chain managers across 19 industries, covering both upstream and downstream activity.

2) The questions are related to 5 key variables. The variables with their weights in the index are — new orders (30%), output (25%), employment (20%), suppliers’ delivery times (15%) and stock of items purchased (10%). The surveys are conducted on a monthly basis.

3) IHS Markit produces the PMI for India. The IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index measures the performance of India’s manufacturing sector.


News 5: PM SHRI (PMSchools for Rising India)

1) Under it, as many as 14,500 schools across states and Union Territories will be redeveloped to reflect the key features of the NEP, 2020.

2) Kendriya Vidyalayas or Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas come entirely under the Centre’s Ministry of Education. They are fully-funded by the Union government under Central Sector Schemes.

3) While KVs largely cater to children of Union government employees posted in states and UTs, JNVs were set up to nurture talented students in rural parts of the country.

4) In contrast, PM SHRI schools will be an upgrade of existing schools run by the Centre, states, UTs and local bodies. This essentially means that PM SHRI schools can either be KVs, JNVs, state government schools or even those run by municipal corporations.


One Liners:-

1.

 

2.THE ICONIC Rajpath from RashtrapatiBhavan to IndiaGate is all set to be renamed as Kartavya Path (Path of Duty)


 

Share is Caring, Choose Your Platform!

Recent Posts

  • Darknet

    Definition:

    Darknet, also known as dark web or darknet market, refers to the part of the internet that is not indexed or accessible through traditional search engines. It is a network of private and encrypted websites that cannot be accessed through regular web browsers and requires special software and configuration to access.

    The darknet is often associated with illegal activities such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services, although not all sites on the darknet are illegal.

    Examples:

    Examples of darknet markets include Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Dream Market, which were all shut down by law enforcement agencies in recent years.

    These marketplaces operate similarly to e-commerce websites, with vendors selling various illegal goods and services, such as drugs, counterfeit documents, and hacking tools, and buyers paying with cryptocurrency for their purchases.

    Pros :

    • Anonymity: Darknet allows users to communicate and transact with each other anonymously. Users can maintain their privacy and avoid being tracked by law enforcement agencies or other entities.
    • Access to Information: The darknet provides access to information and resources that may be otherwise unavailable or censored on the regular internet. This can include political or sensitive information that is not allowed to be disseminated through other channels.
    • Freedom of Speech: The darknet can be a platform for free speech, as users are able to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or retribution.
    • Secure Communication: Darknet sites are encrypted, which means that communication between users is secure and cannot be intercepted by third parties.
    •  

    Cons:

    • Illegal Activities: Many darknet sites are associated with illegal activities, such as drug trafficking, weapon sales, and hacking services. Such activities can attract criminals and expose users to serious legal risks.
    • Scams: The darknet is a hotbed for scams, with many fake vendors and websites that aim to steal users’ personal information and cryptocurrency. The lack of regulation and oversight on the darknet means that users must be cautious when conducting transactions.
    • Security Risks: The use of the darknet can expose users to malware and other security risks, as many sites are not properly secured or monitored. Users may also be vulnerable to hacking or phishing attacks.
    • Stigma: The association of the darknet with illegal activities has created a stigma that may deter some users from using it for legitimate purposes.