Daily Debate – Demography of India – Visible dividend or Invisible disaster ?

Demography of India – Visible dividend or Invisible disaster ?

Provide your inputs in the comment section below.

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By | 2016-05-17T08:22:58+00:00 May 17th, 2016|Daily Current Events|30 Comments
  • sowmya

    India ,2nd most populous nation in the world after china currently have 1.22 billion population is in the phase of transition where 63% of the population are in working age 15-59 years of age which itself shows a dividend for the country growth if it was tuned according to country needs.

    However the challenges which India currently faces may threatens the expectant dividend might turn into disaster which can be substantiated with:

    • About 10 million people entering into labour force annually, but the employment was just 1.35 lakh for 2015
    • India – home to second largest malnourished people in the world reflects poor health status
    • Large source of unskilled labour creates mismatch with ever increasing demand for skilled sections in service sector with advent of modern technology
    • Consistent low agricultural growth rate discourages the rural youth to take up agriculture but they doesn’t have any other alternative due to poor employment rate
    • Gross enrolment ratio in higher education with just 23% despite 100% primary enrolment
    • Large scale poverty with minimal basic facilities doesn’t ensure better atmosphere for students to aspire for.

    Despite such intended challenges, certain efforts on the part of govt can promise the growth of population in an aspired way:

    • Boosting new initiatives like make in India, start up India with conducive environment can promote entrepreneurship in the country
    • Universal health insurance with nutrition programs and adolescent care can ensure healthy human resource for country growth
    • Effective coordination through national skill development agency at national and state level will promote skill development .Pradhan mantra kaushal yojana was welcome step in this regard
    • Promoting sustainable agriculture with effective investments promote climate resilient agriculture which ensures food security as well rural prosperity
    • Promoting basic facilities with strict provisions for prohibiting child labour will help in bringing the sensitive age groups into mainstream

    Thus an opportunity which has the potential to yield fruitful results for domestic and international countries as well should be reaped well .Inorder to progress well , state along with civil society organizations and people indeed should work for sustainable growth

  • India is a young nation having 50% of population below 25 years and 65% of population below 35 years. Such demographic structure gives India an advantage where we as a nation can endeavor for rapid economic growth & development.

    A visible dividend :
    * India has underutilized industrial potential and present demographic structure provides an opportunity to make India a manufacturing hub.

    * India lags in basic infrastructure and this sector of economy requires younger population as labor force. Therefore such posture of demography gives India a chance to develop enabling infrastructure for industry, connecting villages to urban centers and sow seeds for future growth.

    * Young individuals has a very great gift i.e. creativity. In the world where economy rolls on wheel of innovation, Indian demographic structure is clearly an advantage.

    Invisible Disaster :

    * Your are filled with energy they can bring revolutionary changes, however, such changes are positive or negative depends upon the state and it’s policies.

    * Skill development is major issue which is impacting employability of youth. Therefore, more and more youth are being/remaining unemployed or constitute disguised labor force.

    * Extremism is a major threat to young nation. It is very easy to radicalize a young individual than a experienced adult.

    Indian demographic structure clearly puts India on advantage but state need to ensure that such advantage are exploited at right place. Tunisian Unrest, 1960’s American Unrest, Rise of Hitler are some incidents when respective countries were experiencing youth bulge and they failed to tap youth energy. Therefore India needs to ensure :
    * Effective skill development
    * De-radicalization (Introduced in Maharashtra)
    * Rapid Industrial Development
    * Expanding Educational Opportunities
    * Building Infrastructure.

    • I did not praised government :

      I should have mentioned : Make In India. AIM, SETU, Skill India Misson , Ustad, Nai Mazil (leadership), Nai Roshni

    • sowmya

      Visible demand part is good.which i couldn’t mention in my answer.. U have given examples like tunisia unrest adds value to answer..over all its good

  • India is a young nation having 50% of population below 25 years and 65% of population below 35 years. Such demographic structure gives India an advantage where we as a nation can endeavor for rapid economic growth & development.

    A visible dividend :
    * India has underutilized industrial potential and present demographic structure provides an opportunity to make India a manufacturing hub.

    * India lags in basic infrastructure and this sector of economy requires younger population as labor force. Therefore such posture of demography gives India a chance to develop enabling infrastructure for industry, connecting villages to urban centers and sow seeds for future growth.

    * Young individuals has a very great gift i.e. creativity. In the world where economy rolls on wheel of innovation, Indian demographic structure is clearly an advantage.

    Invisible Disaster :

    * Your are filled with energy they can bring revolutionary changes, however, such changes are positive or negative depends upon the state and it’s policies.

    * Skill development is major issue which is impacting employability of youth. Therefore, more and more youth are being/remaining unemployed or constitute disguised labor force.

    * Extremism is a major threat to young nation. It is very easy to radicalize a young individual than a experienced adult.

    Indian demographic structure clearly puts India on advantage but state need to ensure that such advantage are exploited at right place. Tunisian Unrest, 1960’s American Unrest, Rise of Hitler are some incidents when respective countries were experiencing youth bulge and they failed to tap youth energy. Therefore India needs to ensure :
    * Effective skill development
    * De-radicalization (Introduced in Maharashtra)
    * Rapid Industrial Development
    * Expanding Educational Opportunities
    * Building Infrastructure.

    • sowmya

      Visible demand part is good.which i couldn’t mention in my answer.. U have given examples like tunisia unrest adds value to answer..over all its good

  • Sowmya , Vivek , as we know already – you write very good answers , so we will just give few tips can enhance your answer 🙂

    It seems like if one takes the best out of your answers and puts it in a single answer – that would be an awesome answer.

    Few tips for improvement :-

    1)Elaborate on disaster – take any example of the country where population explosion led to fight on the streets, riots, competition for limited resource, burden on infrastructure ,emergence of mafia , increase in crime rate , impact on public health and policy etc
    2)Take a view from globalization perspective and suggest how India can be the human resource mega mart of the world and what we can do to achieve this – ,geopolitics, foreign policy, skiling etc.Also make the note of other countries where there is bound to be human resource deficit due to the demographic composition and most of these countries are developed ones , hence suggest how India can plug the loop hole in global economy as far as HR deficit is concerned.
    3)What has to be done to enhance the jobs at home, you have given these points , just little elaboration on shifting employment form agro to industry and how it has to be done. We need IITS but we need too many ITIS as well.Suggest in these line, also mention vocational work etc.

    Rest of your answers are good and cover all other aspect .Keep writing.

    • sowmya

      Thanku Upsctree team.Will try to write answers by taking ur points into consideration.
      One doubt : Shall i restrict the answer within 200 words? or shall i write answer from all possible sides.

      • Write from all possible angels at this moment , in the exam you will be able to consolidate it all and you can cut it short as far as words are concerned without loosing the necessary point.Think now consolidate later is the key.

        • Yes, and biggest challenge is to write it in time bound manner. I am struggling with it..

    • Thank You Sir/Ma’am for your review.

  • cherry

    sir plz review,also plz review my fundamental duties answer…….

    • UPSCTREE

      We will review it, don’t worry

    • We will review it, don’t worry.

      • cherry

        okay sir,il walt…….

  • cherry

    sir plz review,also plz review my fundamental duties answer…….

    • We will review it, don’t worry.

      • cherry

        okay sir,il walt…….