25 AND 26 DEC 2015

 1)Good Governance




Good Governance

Rule of law
Democracy without politics and citizenship without rights are the twin pillars of ‘good governance’.
Good governance is putting people at the centre of the development process
Empowerment, and citizen participation

 December 25- Good Governance Day


A major IT initiative, Kilkari is an audio-based mobile service that delivers weekly audio messages to families about pregnancy, child birth and child care. Each pregnant woman and infant’s mother, registered in Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS), a web- enabled name-based system to monitor and ensure delivery of full spectrum of services to all pregnant women and children, would receive weekly voice messages relevant to the stage of pregnancy or age of the infant.

The 72 messages would reach the targeted beneficiaries from the 4th month of pregnancy until the child is one year old. On an average, the duration of each message is two minutes. Such messages will empower and educate women and parents to help create a better environment in maternal and child health. This service will be provided free to the beneficiaries.

3) Mobile Academy:-

It has been developed through which about 9000,000 ASHAs will be trained using mobile services. This will aid in enhancing their inter-personal skills.

The above two applications were launched by Health Ministry


4)Parliament of Afghanistan:-

India constructed the Afghanistan Parliament and Indian PM inaugurated it.

Note- Though it is a single line news , can be used as fodder for International Relations.

5)Indo-Pak Relation :-

Background :-PM’s visit to Pak

Related article – http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/editorial-on-narendra-modis-surprise-visit-to-lahore-a-bold-laudable-initiative/article8029381.ece

In-depth Analysis :- Click Here

6)Textile Industry vs Environment:-

Background :-

The textile industry has flagged concerns about an Environment Ministry move to mandate virtually all textile firms to reduce their effluent discharge to zero. The argument is that such a stipulation goes beyond what the developed world follows and would make Indian firms even more uncompetitive at a time when export orders are shrinking

Textile as Industry :-

  • The textile industry is India’s largest employer after agriculture, accounting for 14 per cent of India’s exports, but has recently lost ground to Bangladesh and Vietnam in the global market as the preferred supplier for readymade garments.

Norm announced by Environment Ministry :-

  • Textile units having waste water discharge greater than 25 kilo litres a day shall establish Zero Liquid Discharge — effluent treatment plant
  • It also requires all textile units set up in clusters such as Tirupur in Tamil Nadu to set up common effluent treatment plants to ensure zero liquid discharge, irrespective of their waste water quantity.
  • While mooting an increase in the threshold of 25 kilo litres a day to 100 kilo litres a day, industry members have pointed out that smaller textile units wouldn’t be able to afford the costly equipment for treating effluents with a zero liquid discharge approach.
  • Technologies for such treatment plants is steam and electricity-intensive, leading to higher green house gas emissions as India largely relies on coal for power
  • The definition of zero effluent discharge should include re-use, recycling and alternative deployment of treated effluents, FICCI has suggested. The ministry has proposed a very stringent norm that allows very limited ground water extraction by units and wants the entire water recovered from the effluent treatment plants to be re-deployed in the production process.


  • This is another fit case of man vs environment debate. Man uses environment to sustain life and extracts employment through utilization of its resources.However mismanagement of finite resources and  effluent discharge has been a cause of concern for environment.
  • In the same vein , cost of technology is high, hence as much one wishes to employ the technology , one could not to be able to do it due to economic constraints.
  • Way forward would be , a real time ground analysis of the cost/benefit of the technology , purchasing power  of different segments of textile sector and checking for alternatives.If no cost efficient alternative is available and majority of the textile industry lack the purchasing power for the technology, government intervention is a must. In fact , much of the corporate social responsibility  from bigger corporates in this sector can be diverted for this purpose, so that the small industries can be environmental friendly without jeopardizing their financial ability.

7)Olive Ridleys:-

Background :- Recently they have been cited at east Godavari.

        • The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans
        • These turtles, along with their cousin the Kemps ridley turtle, are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.(Arribada – arrival by sea)
        • The the species is recognized as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red list.
        • The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the Olive-ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica.
        • Though international trade in these turtles and their products is banned under CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species), they are still extensively poached for their meat, shell and leather, and their eggs, though illegal to harvest, have a significantly large market around the coastal regions. However, the most severe threat they face is the accidental killing of adult turtles through entanglement in trawl nets and gill nets due to uncontrolled fishing during their mating season around nesting beaches.
        • To reduce accidental killing in India, the Orissa government has made it mandatory for trawls to use Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), a net specially designed with an exit cover which allows the turtles to escape while retaining the catch. However, this has been strongly opposed by the fishing communities as they believe TEDs result in loss of considerable amount of the catch along with the turtle.
        • olive ridley


9)Few Facts:-
  •  A cable bridge  named is ‘Atal Setu‘. It is constructed on river Ravi .Fourth of its kind in the country.
  • Seychelles government has provided India a plot of land in its Assumption Island to build its first naval base in the Indian Ocean region. This is a joint project between India and Seychelles

Questions of the day

1.What is good governance ? Though it became a new word for policy makers recently  , if one looks at India’s past, fundamentals of good governance can be found in Ashoka’s policies. What are the key component of Ashoka’s policy and how can it help us in this age to deliver good governance?

Read this article to gain some insights :- http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/edit-page/Rediscovering-Emperor-Ashoka/articleshow/6714387.cms








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By | 2015-12-27T08:13:06+00:00 December 27th, 2015|Daily Current Events|18 Comments
  • imih

    .What is good governance ? Though it became a new word for policy makers recently , if one looks at India’s past, fundamentals of good governance can be found in Ashoka’s policies. What are the key component of Ashoka’s policy and how can it help us in this age to deliver good governance?

    Good governance is the method of governance which has the aspects of welfare state i.e, element of accountability, transparence, citezen centric e.t.c it is essential tool for bringing the needed change of society.
    The concept of the welfare state is recent idea in present epoch, where state played the role of interventionist ( which now has change to regulation)to bring a n upward change in the standard of life of commons. The idea of good governance is found explicitly in the administration of Emperior Ashoka, and its key elements are
    -) Reverance for life, so for the whole world
    -) Balance between restrain , punishment and reward
    -)endeavour for prospority
    -) infrastructure
    Reverance of life, India is among few nations who still believe in capital punishment a mean to deter, though it has not deterred the people.The Ashokas policy of reverence for life can be imbibed and capital punishment must be veered to life imprisonment. The government should endeavour to bring prospirity by playing active role and keeping a right balance between the role of private sector and public sector.

  • Democracy without politics and citizenship without rights are the twin pillars of ‘good governance’…

    I did get the line “Citizenship without politics” ?? Please someone help me..

    • sry “Citizenship without Rights”

      • Democracy without politics essentially means insulting policy making from the whims of politics.
        Rights are usually 3 types – social, economic and political. Rights are Demanded because of the states of our economy unable to fulfill the economic rights or our state of society is unable to ensure social rights. For eg – There is right to Livelihood however unemployment is still there. Reservation claims also are demands of citizens for social, political and economic right. Social means equal status in society, political means equal representation and economic means decent Livelihood.

        Hence by good governance it means removing the obstacles and ensuring the rights of the citizens, which is not Demanded anymore because it is already fulfilled, this renders citizenship without rights – i.e. citizens have rights which is not demanded anymore as they already have it. Hope it clarifies.

        • Of course the quote goes beyond its literal meaning and tries to convey a deeper meaning.

          • harshendra

            Sir..Is it mining or textile which is 2nd largest employer after agriculture in India ?coz as per kurukshetra of december month mining is 2nd largest..page no. 43
            Plz clarify…….

          • gangireddyone

            I think when we say textile second largest, likely that railways is included. Otherwise textiles might be the largest employer, followed by mining, as per the source you mentioned. Hopefully and not likely that UPSc will ask question on such crude data, hopefully!!

          • Yes, You are right, @Harshendra – Kindly treat the data part as data , they keep changing , however a broad understanding of data is important. Hindu published this , we are yet to check Kurukeshtra, however it will be a futile attempt, because as Gangi mentioned it is crude data.

            To be safe always mention in” approx” terms or as “one of the largest ” ; that way you keep the relevance without worrying about it too much. Hope it helps.

          • harshendra

            Thanku for the response sir……will take care of it ☺

  • imih

    Allahbad, to be more precise belongs to central zone….

    The Northern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Chandigarh

  • Aastha

    Please provide the download pdf tabs for25 26 28 29dec.
    Having pdf makes it easier to revise in future.

    • Aastha, mothyl magazine for dec will be provied soon

  • aditya

    is it 90000000 asha or lesser than that?