GS III – CSE MAINS 2015

Duration: 3 hours

Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.

Note: Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 200 Marks )

 

  1. The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as a jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favour of your answer.
  2. Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non- farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India.
  3. In the view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non – viable for a majority of farmers should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? critically evaluate the pros and cons.
  4. How can the Digital India program help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What step has the government taken in this regard?
  5. In what way could replacement of price subsidy with direct benefit Transfer (DBT) change the scenario of subsidies in India? Discuss.
  6. What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming this bottleneck?
  7. Craze for gold in Indian has led to surge in import of gold in recent years and put pressure on balance of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of Gold Monetization scheme.
  8. “Success of make in India program depends on the success of Skill India programme and radical labour reforms.” Discuss with logical arguments.
  9. To what factors can be the recent dramatic fall in equipment cost and tariff of solar energy be attributed? What implications does the trend have for thermal power producers and related industry?
  10. There is a clear acknowledgement that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing and exports. Recognising this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs require augmentation. Discuss the issue plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration.
  11. What do you understand by “Standard Positioning System” and “Precision positioning system” in the GPS era? Discuss the advantage India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites.
  12. What are the areas of prohibitive labour that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the initiatives that can propel the research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation.
  13. Discuss the advantage and security implication of cloud hosting of servers vis-a-vis in house machine based hosting for government business.
  14. India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) which has a database containing formatted information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations is proving a powerful weapon in country’s fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pro and cons of making the database available publicly available under open source licensing.
  15. Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs?
  16. The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects.
  17.  Human right activists constantly highlight the fact that the Armed forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) is a draconian act leading to cases of human right abuses by security forces. What sections of AFSPA are opposed by the activists. Critically evaluate the requirement with reference to the view held by Apex Court.
  18. Religious indoctrination via social media has resulted in Indian youth joining the ISIS. What is ISIS and its mission? How can ISIS be dangerous to the internal security of our country.
  19. The persisting drives of the government for development of large industries in backward areas have resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multiple displacements. With Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss the corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) doctrine affected citizens back into mainstream of social and economic growth.
  20. Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the country, India needs a “Digital Armed Forces” to prevent crimes. Critically evaluate the National Cyber Security Policy, 2013 outlining the challenges perceived in its effective implementation.

 

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By | 2015-12-21T15:38:46+00:00 December 21st, 2015|Uncategorized|26 Comments
  • gangireddyone

    With about 65% of the population in theworkoing age and about a million being added to the workforce every month, the effective usage of the demographic dividend has come to the fore. India, which has grown at an average of about 7 years in the last 2 decades s however failed to provide employment in proportion to the growth it has achieved.Prior to the opening up of the economy the growth rates were as low as 2.5 – 3, while the growth rate in employment was about 1.5 – 2%. While in the last two decades it was only 1%, this shows that the growth was indeed jobless.

    Nature of growth :
    The growth earlier was mainly in agriculture and manufacturing, especially PSUs, which provided numerous jobs, in the last decades however it was in the services, which was in the services which only employs about 10% of the workforce.

    The issue of skilling :
    The services sector requires high skills, the Indian workforce is largely semi skilled and unskilled, working in the unorganized sector, about 85% of workforce.

    Centralisation of growth :

    The growth was largely in the urban areas, hence the rural population has largely been left out of employment.

    Lack of growth in other services :

    Within the services sector it was largely in the IT, my others such as tourism, hospitality etc have been left out.

    These problems can have many externalities in the absence of effective steps, measures such as Skill India, Make in India, Food Processing, labor reforms are in the right direction, with effective steps being taken, india can eventually see the growth coupled with employment, can also reap the benefits of its huge demographics dividend.

  • gangireddyone

    The food processing industry in india is still at its nascent stages, though it is of extreme importance as most of our produce goes waste especially in the horticulture and vegetables sector, where the losses are expected to be as much as 50%. The Mega food park scheme has not had any significant impact and only a few have taken off.The sunrise industry of e commerce can help in improving the marketing sCM. As they provide

    1) Access to market across the country

    2) Provide the necessary logistics

    3) Easy platform without any intermediaries involving.

    However, the problems of food processing are more basic such as

    1) Lack of connectivity from rural to these areas.

    2) Lack of the skilled people required for the industry.

    3) Lack of demand for the products, india is still nascent when it comes to processed foods and will take time to get there.

    The idea of food processing, though encouraging and can have a positive impact on the agricultural sector, it still lacks basic resources. The ecommorce industry can only help solve the supply chain issues and not the basic problems before the industry.

    • gangireddyone

      India has been the largest importer of gold and the import runs into billions of dollars, affecting the fiscal health, denting the forex reserves and the import of many other essential commodities and goods.This can be attributed to a number of reasons such as social status, affinity for physical investments in gold, better returns than any other financial instruments. The gold monetisation scheme has many merits in controlling this trend.

      1) It provides interest on the gold for individuals as well as temp!e boards which have huge reserves of gold. Return on assets that have long been non performing.

      2) It tries to address the demand for gold internally without having to import from other countries, improving the fiscal health.

      3) It tries to bring down the affinity towards traditional gold.

      While there are merits this schemes has issues as well, the interest being only 2%, which may well be lost in the process of refining gold. The affinity towards gold is so high that people may not be willing to have it melted. The gold loan industry already provides some solution for monetary needs and return the gold in the same form. The scheme though tries to bring changes, it may not have the impact in the near term owing to the people s affinity and psychological feelings.

  • gangireddyone

    Done for now sir, though I can write content will be on the same lines, I only will not be satisfied, so no point I think. Please review if they are worth. Also please go ahead and post the review on the website. I am okay with it. Thanks for the questions and your efforts!

    • You disappeared suddenly.

      • gangireddyone

        Thinking through sir, excessive dependence on internet is wasting my time, lot of catching up to do! Looked at pub ad question paper, though I was very comfortable with last few years kind of question papers, not comfortable with this years paper 1. I will have to spend time around that. I am still okay with GS.. Can get better if I revise, as I already have notes, but Pub Ad, I will have to read a lot more. So trying to do that! But I will start from first on your initiative, for now I think I should make my own plan for pub ad. Classes, I can’t afford, so will work hard!! Thanks!!

        • very true, don’t take this year as benchmark as this years paper was tilted to pub ad . It would not be surprising to see pub ad and sociology dominating top 20 ranks .Prepare for the worst so that it will help you – whatever questions comes your way. Classes losing relevance significantly , they only give basics , the super structure to write good answer has to be done by self .You already have good writing skills , only need is continuous preparation . Prepare consistently and relentlessly for optional – that is the only way.

          For GS , we will take care of that and review your answers:)

          • And yes, last year was a year of geography .

          • gangireddyone

            Thank you!! Will look forward for your initiative!!

  • ARUN NT

    India is developing at a good pace in its quest to be a industrial economy despite global economic slow down and it is too good but when we look at the dark hidden side jobs had not grown at the same pace as the industrial growth.The reason for this lack of inclusive growth are(In my view)

    1,Only big industrial houses and corporate companies had grown at a fast pace and they are mostly digitised and mechanized and hence job uptake is lower compared to traditional industries as they are capital intensive in nature but not job intensive.

    2.Small and medium scale industries are widely recognised as a labour intensive sector.They had not at all been nurtured by the state and this lead to decline of smse sector.This was one of the main reason for industrial growth without the corresponding growth in jobs.

    3.Next,most of the persons in india are working in underpaid unorganised sector and hence they could not have been counted as permanent labourers as they are mostly seasonal in nature.

    4.Corporate industries are not upcoming to offer new job opportunities in the ensuing situation of global economic crisis rather they are squeezing their existing workforce to increase their performance.

    5.Finally .It is recognised worldwide that neo liberal economic policies mostly lead to jobless growth since it is not a wonder that inclusive growth is not achieved inspite of what the numbers show.

    • Use labour intensive rather than job intensive .
      Use – Structural unemployment , Cyclical unemployment – these 2 words are critical for this answer.
      Mention growth happened in only one sector – Service and by very nature of this industry it is knowledge intensive industry ,that means it employs high skilled but less number of workers, hence when our GDP looked good and growth was there , the growth was a contribution from the service industry and as it can’t do mass employment hence it is often termed as jobless growth (in a relative term). IF the same amount of increment was contributed from secondary sector such as manufacturing then there would have been a large scale employment.

      Don’t worry if certain concept is not clear at times, it will be covered in our CSE 2016 initiative comprehensively once we start the economy series 🙂 Hope it helps.