GS III – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
“It requires twenty years for a man to rise from the vegetable state in which he is within his mother’s womb, and from the pure animal state which is the lot of his early childhood, to the state when the maturity of reason begins to appear. It has required thirty centuries to learn a little about his structure. It would need eternity to learn something about his soul. It takes an instant to kill him”.- Voltaire
What is Yoga ?
Exercise can be of different types, but yogasans are the foremost amongst exercises for the muscles and joints.“Yoga is the union of Pran and Apan.”“Yoga is the union of Jivatma and Parmatma.”Yoga is the method by which the restless mind is calmed and energy is directed into constructive channels. Men develop fully- physically, mentally, intellectually and spiritually by means of yoga.
Types Of Yoga :-
According to Patanjali, there are 8 stages of yoga. These are :-
1) YAM –
Universal moral commandments or ethical discipline.
It consists of : –
1. Ahinsa (Non violence)
2. Satya (Truth)
3. Asteya (Non-stealing)
4. Brahamyacharya (Celibacy)
5. Aparigraha (non hording)
2) NIYAM –
1. Shaucha (Internal cleanliness of body)
2. Santosha (Contentment)
4. Svadhyaya (Study of the self)
5. Ishvara Pranidhana (Dedication to the lord)
(1. Nadishodhan Pranayam ;2. Suryabhedhi Pranayam ;3. Ujjayi Pranayam ; 4. Shitkari Pranayam; 5. Shitali Pranayam ;6. Brahmari Pranayam ;7. Bhastrika Pranayam 8. Kapalbhati Pranayam)
(rhythmic control of breath)
6) DHARANA (Concentration)
7) DHYAN (Meditation)
Note: The first 4 steps of Ashtang Yog can be practiced by all worldly persons. But the last 4 components can be practiced by Rishi, Munis and Yogis.