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30 OCT 2015


1)Draft Aviation Policy:- *Note – The Policy is large and it has some details that are not required to be remembered . What is important is that the terms and the various components associated with Aviation industry, once one knows the components it will be helpful to frame an answer keeping them in mind rather than writing answers  without substance.Hence , we request you to go through the article in detail but remember only the key components.   India has the potential to be among the global top three nations in terms of domestic and international passenger traffic. It has [...]

30 OCT 20152015-10-31T14:05:43+05:30

India : The geography of history – Part 5


Neolithic Age, origin of Agriculture and Domestication of Animals Neolithic Age : - Domestication of plants and animals has been considered as one of the main characteristic features of the Neolithic stage of culture. The tern Neolithic was coined by Sir John Lubbock in his book Prehistoric Times (first published in 1865). He used this term to denote an Age in which the stone implements were more skillfully made, more varied in form and often polished. Characteristic traits should be considered to represent the Neolithic Culture : »Practice of agriculture »Domestication of animals »Grinding and polishing of stone tools, and also [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 52017-02-13T20:03:13+05:30

Message to Our Readers


Dear Aspirant, As the Civil Services mains examination is around the corner, we are  taking genuine requests from our readers and you may very well send in your request to the below mentioned maid id:- upsctree@upsctree.com Mails us with any help that you may need , and we will try to accommodate it on our site or send in personalized guidance mail. Request may be an essay topic, or ethics paper or ARC report  or any other matter that may help you in your preparation. The request not exclusive for those who will be writing the upcoming Mains exam, any reader [...]

Message to Our Readers2017-02-13T20:03:00+05:30

29 OCT 2015


1) NJAC -   The flaws in  Hon'ble Supreme Court's Judgement :- In the aftermath of the Supreme Court’s verdict that invalidated the 99th Constitution Amendment, rendering nugatory the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC), a popular narrative has entered our conscience: that the commission is not a credible alternative to the Supreme Court’s ‘collegium.'. The verdict upholds an extra-constitutional forum, created by the Supreme Court’s own members to serve its own ends, in the place of a system lawfully enacted by a popularly elected Parliament. The judgment fails to adequately answer the fundamental question at the root of the controversy: how [...]

29 OCT 20152015-10-30T23:42:52+05:30

28 OCT 2015


1)India moves up in ‘ease of doing business’ ranking :- It took four months in 2005 to start a business in India, but it takes only 29 days now Last year’s report ranked India at 140, but this year’s report features the recalculated 2015 rankings, in which India comes at 134. Ease of Doing Business Index The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group A nation’s ranking on the index is based on the average of 10 subindices:- 1.Starting a business – Procedures, time, cost and minimum capital to open a new business [...]

28 OCT 20152015-10-29T12:46:06+05:30

ARC – Public Order -Part 1(Problems, Causes, Manifestations and Weaknesses)


Public order along with the defence of the realm has always been the raison d’etre of the State throughout history. Introduction:- Maintenance of public order and the rule of law is a key sovereign function of the State, as important in its own way as defending the nation from external aggression or maintaining the unity and integrity of the nation State. "wherever law ends, tyranny begins" -Locke There comes a time when a nation has to achieve and ensure long term stability in order to carry out substantial economic and social transformation. India is poised for an economic upsurge that can [...]

ARC – Public Order -Part 1(Problems, Causes, Manifestations and Weaknesses)2015-10-28T23:40:26+05:30

27 OCT 2015


1)  “E-Sahyog” Pilot Project of The Income-Tax Department to Facilitate Taxpayers Aimed at reducing compliance cost, especially for small taxpayers. The objective of “e-Sahyog” is to provide an online mechanism to resolve mismatches in Income-tax returns of those assesses whose returns have been selected for scrutiny, without visiting the Income Tax Office. Under this initiative the Department will provide an end to end e-service using SMS, e-mails to inform the tax assesses of the mismatch. The taxpayers will simply need to visit the e-filing portal and log in with their user-ID and password to view mismatch related information and submit [...]

27 OCT 20152015-10-28T12:52:54+05:30

India : The geography of history – Part 4


Hunter-Gatherers : Paleolithic & Mesolithic Age Introduction:- This is the story of our fore fathers.Who used to hunt and gather foods , unlike us , who think that breakfast comes from the near by grocery store.Human societies during more than 99% of their existence on the earth have lived as hunters/gatherers. This means that before human beings started producing food about 10.000 years ago, they lived off the resources of nature.Lets explore what they did, when they did, how they did and where they did . Paleolithic Age:- Palaeolithic Culture developed in the Pleistocene period. The Pleistocene period (about 2 million [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 42017-02-13T20:02:40+05:30

India – Climate Change and Paris


Prelude- Please note that this is not an article on the principles of climate change, rather it is more of a detailed and comprehensive action and policies that has India adopted to contribute towards the cause of  ‘climate change’. Introduction:- We are well aware of climate change issues and its repercussion on the world and especially on human being as a species. It is indeed a grave threat to survival of mankind.Given the primacy of the issue , multiple organizations, governments and agencies are working on it. One of the primary engaging platform in this regard is – UNFCC . [...]

India – Climate Change and Paris2017-02-13T20:02:29+05:30

26 OCT 2015


1)Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN):- The RAN was set up to provide financial assistance to patients, living below poverty line and who are suffering from major life threatening diseases, to receive medical treatment at any of the super speciality Hospitals/Institutes or other Government hospitals. The financial assistance to such patients is released in the form of ‘one-time grant’, which is released to the Medical Superintendent of the Hospital in which the treatment has been/is being received/. 2)Tamilnadu High Court Judge suggests Castration for Rapists as solution Justice  N. Kirubakaran said “though the suggestion of castration looks barbaric, barbaric crimes should definitely attract [...]

26 OCT 20152015-10-27T21:09:48+05:30
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