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Questions – GS I-Section I


Dear friends, As continuation of GS I initiative . We hope you were able to finish the particular sections and chapters mentioned in our previous post. Here is the link to details of the initiative - http://upsctree.com/2015/11/15/gs-i-initiative/ Questions to be answered :-(Max 150-200 Words) What is the difference between civilization and culture ? What are the characteristics that defines a culture ? What do you understand by cultural heritage, give few examples?   "India was a secular country long before our constitution came in to being  and Ahimsa was a norm long before Gandhi" . In this context evaluate Ashoka's contribution [...]

Questions – GS I-Section I2015-11-19T18:13:26+00:00

Harappan Series (Indus valley Civilization) – Part 1


Prelude :In the “Geography of History” series we have learned the evolution of mankind from hunting gathering societies to agricultural societies.The invention of agriculture led to far-reaching changes in human societies. One important result was the emergence of cities and civilizations. This series covers one of the most important civilization – Harappan Civilization – be it in prelims or  GS mains or History optional . There are certain themes that UPSC has been asking for many years and will keep on asking years to come.Few of such themes are –  Buddhism, Harappan civilization, Gupta age , Akbar’s policy etc.Hence from [...]

Harappan Series (Indus valley Civilization) – Part 12017-02-13T20:15:54+00:00

India : The geography of history – Part 5


Neolithic Age, origin of Agriculture and Domestication of Animals Neolithic Age : - Domestication of plants and animals has been considered as one of the main characteristic features of the Neolithic stage of culture. The tern Neolithic was coined by Sir John Lubbock in his book Prehistoric Times (first published in 1865). He used this term to denote an Age in which the stone implements were more skillfully made, more varied in form and often polished. Characteristic traits should be considered to represent the Neolithic Culture : »Practice of agriculture »Domestication of animals »Grinding and polishing of stone tools, and also [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 52017-02-13T20:03:13+00:00

India : The geography of history – Part 4


Hunter-Gatherers : Paleolithic & Mesolithic Age Introduction:- This is the story of our fore fathers.Who used to hunt and gather foods , unlike us , who think that breakfast comes from the near by grocery store.Human societies during more than 99% of their existence on the earth have lived as hunters/gatherers. This means that before human beings started producing food about 10.000 years ago, they lived off the resources of nature.Lets explore what they did, when they did, how they did and where they did . Paleolithic Age:- Palaeolithic Culture developed in the Pleistocene period. The Pleistocene period (about 2 million [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 42017-02-13T20:02:40+00:00

India : The geography of history – Part 3


India and its Many regions Introduction:- It often said , as well as written in our constitution that India as - Union of India. Historians claim that unlike united of states ,where states surrendered their sovereignty to form United States Of America; India was a whole and divided in to pieces, hence Union of India not United states of India.The claims aside, India, remained and still remains a union of states or , to put it more geographically Unions of regions.Political unity was never achieved in India in the past,though British came close to it, still central India and extreme regions [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 32017-02-13T19:49:32+00:00

India : The geography of history – Part 2


Uneven Development  -  Historical perspective and evidence Agriculture Development Chronology:- Mehrgarh in the Kachhi plain (now in Pakistan) experienced early agricultural activities before 6,000 B.C Indus region experienced it in the 4000-3000 B.C Gangetic valley saw the advent of agriculture at Koldihwa (U.P) in 5000 B.C., at Chirand (Bihar) in the second half of the 3rd millennium B.C Atranjikhera (in the Doab) in the first half of the 2nd millennium B.C In the Ganga valley, however, the beginning of full-fledged, settled agricultural activity, farming villages and the other associated traits like the emergence of towns, trade and the state system go [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 22017-02-13T19:49:21+00:00

India : The geography of history – Part 1


Introduction:- History without geography is largely incomplete and devoid of its vital substance for it loses focus in the absence of the concept of space.That is why history is regarded both as the history of  mankind and the history of environment. It is difficult to separate the two. The history of humans and the history of environment mutually influence one another.Variation of culture and practices are reflection of Physical features. For eg:- Forms of irrigation differ from region to region :- rivers and canals have been the most important form of irrigation in northern India. ponds have been very useful [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 12017-02-13T19:49:03+00:00

History – ” History is ,as far as the History goes”


The sections Deals with the History part of the syllabus. The recent trend in UPSC questions has undergone a serious shift.Most of the questions are centered around the analysis. For eg- Last year the question was why major battles were fought at Panipat ?  Questions like Why Buddhism has failed in India was asked before , but the question going forward be more like – Why different Buddhism fluorished in different parts of Asia , for eg- Theravada Buddhsim in Srilanka but Vajrayan Buddhism in Tibet ? To answer this question one needs an in-depth understanding of  previous cultures of [...]

History – ” History is ,as far as the History goes”2017-02-13T19:48:47+00:00