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Sunday Diaries – Romance Your Sunday


All of us know that Sunday is a holiday, but do we ever asked why Sunday is a holiday ? At UPSCTREE , we were pondering over what to post for this Sunday  that can help our readers and civil service aspirants , we have gone through all the newspapers, editorials of the past one months, but nothing fits to the charm of Sunday leisure.Yes , Leisure, We know that a civil service aspirant is barely speaks of leisure, but those who enjoy their journey , makes the destination worthwhile and leisure is a big part of it. Relaxation has its [...]

Sunday Diaries – Romance Your Sunday2017-02-13T20:00:32+05:30

India : The geography of history – Part 3


India and its Many regions Introduction:- It often said , as well as written in our constitution that India as - Union of India. Historians claim that unlike united of states ,where states surrendered their sovereignty to form United States Of America; India was a whole and divided in to pieces, hence Union of India not United states of India.The claims aside, India, remained and still remains a union of states or , to put it more geographically Unions of regions.Political unity was never achieved in India in the past,though British came close to it, still central India and extreme regions [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 32017-02-13T19:49:32+05:30

India : The geography of history – Part 2


Uneven Development  -  Historical perspective and evidence Agriculture Development Chronology:- Mehrgarh in the Kachhi plain (now in Pakistan) experienced early agricultural activities before 6,000 B.C Indus region experienced it in the 4000-3000 B.C Gangetic valley saw the advent of agriculture at Koldihwa (U.P) in 5000 B.C., at Chirand (Bihar) in the second half of the 3rd millennium B.C Atranjikhera (in the Doab) in the first half of the 2nd millennium B.C In the Ganga valley, however, the beginning of full-fledged, settled agricultural activity, farming villages and the other associated traits like the emergence of towns, trade and the state system go [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 22017-02-13T19:49:21+05:30

24 OCT 2015


1)  The President of India has promulgated ordinance for constitution of commercial courts. Commercial Courts Bill, 2015 The Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts Bill, 2015 was introduced in Rajya Sabha on April 29, 2015 by the Minister of Finance, Mr. Arun Jaitley. The Bill enables the creation of commercial divisions in high courts, and commercial courts at the district level. Commercial dispute: A commercial dispute is defined to include any dispute related to transactions between merchants, bankers, financiers, traders, etc.  Such transactions deal with mercantile documents, partnership agreements, intellectual property rights, insurance, etc. Commercial courts: [...]

24 OCT 20152015-10-25T13:36:41+05:30

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 6 (Summary of Solutions)


Introduction:- It has been said that peace is not the absence of conflict but the presence of creative alternatives for responding to conflict – alternatives to passive or aggressive responses, alternatives to violence. 1)Left Extremism:- Negotiations with the extremist outfits should be an important mode of conflict resolution. The system of periodic official inspections and review of organisational performances needs to be revitalised.Suitable security to the senior administrative and technical officers while on tour. Enhance the capacity of the security forces to act effectively and firmly, but in conformity with constitutional bounds. Sensitising the police and paramilitary personnel to the root [...]

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 6 (Summary of Solutions)2017-02-13T19:49:08+05:30

India : The geography of history – Part 1


Introduction:- History without geography is largely incomplete and devoid of its vital substance for it loses focus in the absence of the concept of space.That is why history is regarded both as the history of  mankind and the history of environment. It is difficult to separate the two. The history of humans and the history of environment mutually influence one another.Variation of culture and practices are reflection of Physical features. For eg:- Forms of irrigation differ from region to region :- rivers and canals have been the most important form of irrigation in northern India. ponds have been very useful [...]

India : The geography of history – Part 12017-02-13T19:49:03+05:30

History – ” History is ,as far as the History goes”


The sections Deals with the History part of the syllabus. The recent trend in UPSC questions has undergone a serious shift.Most of the questions are centered around the analysis. For eg- Last year the question was why major battles were fought at Panipat ?  Questions like Why Buddhism has failed in India was asked before , but the question going forward be more like – Why different Buddhism fluorished in different parts of Asia , for eg- Theravada Buddhsim in Srilanka but Vajrayan Buddhism in Tibet ? To answer this question one needs an in-depth understanding of  previous cultures of [...]

History – ” History is ,as far as the History goes”2017-02-13T19:48:47+05:30

23 OCT 2015


1) Hand-in- Hand Military exercise:- The India China Combined Military Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2015 commenced on 12 Oct  at Kunming Military Academy, Yunnan, China. The joint exercise has met its stated objectives; to exchange experience on counter-terrorist training and conducting counter-terrorist operations, enhance mutual trust and understanding and promote healthy military relations between the two armies. 2)Inscriptions and Kings :-  Almost all inscriptions have something to do with the king. Either they were commissioned by the king or they mention the reigning king of the day. Pallava kings in the 5th to 7th centuries recorded inscriptions in creative ways. We have verses with hidden political import and the titles they gave themselves, including Mahamalla, the great wrestler, Vichitrachita, the [...]

23 OCT 20152015-10-24T14:36:39+05:30

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 5 (North-East Region)


Introduction : – North East has seen an unending cycle of violent conflicts dominated by insurgencies with demands ranging from outright sovereignty to greater political autonomy.   Roots of Insurgency :- The roots of insurgency in the North Eastern region are embedded in its geography, history and a host of socio-economic factors. Ninety-eight per cent of the borders of the region are international borders, pointing to the region’s tenuous geographical connectivity with the rest of India. ‘National’ conflicts: Involving concept of a distinct ‘homeland’ as a separate nation and pursuit of the realisation of that goal by its votaries. Ethnic [...]

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 5 (North-East Region)2017-02-13T19:48:35+05:30

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 4 (Communalism)


Introduction :- Communalism in a broad sense implies blind allegiance to one’s own communal group – religious, linguistic or ethnic – rather than to the larger society or to the nation as a whole. In its extreme form, communalism manifests itself in hatred towards groups perceived as hostile, ultimately leading to violent attacks on other communities.   General amity and the peaceful coexistence of various faiths in India have been the envy of the civilised world. Nonetheless given the diversity of our society and our complex historical baggage, we are often beset with communal tensions which  occasionally erupt into violence. [...]

ARC – Capacity Building For Conflict Resolution – Part 4 (Communalism)2017-02-13T19:48:30+05:30